Pelosi P, Severgnini P, Aspesi M, Gamberoni C, Chiumello D, Fachinetti C, Introzzi L, Antonelli M, Chiaranda M. Eur J Emerg Med. 2003 Jun;10(2):79-86.
Early review of the use of NIV and the helmet interface in the emergency department and in the pre-hospital setting. Authors concluded that the helmet 'can extend the application of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation in different categories of patients with respiratory failure'.
Link to abstract.