Foti G, Sangalli F, Berra L, Sironi S, Cazzaniga M, Rossi GP, Bellani G, Pesenti A. Intensive Care Med. 2009 Apr;35(4):656-62
Comparison of application of CPAP by helmet in combination to medical therapy or used as a stand-alone procedure. In 62 patients split across the two groups, CPAP significantly improved oxygenation, reduced respiratory rate and improved hemodynamics. Based on results, authors propose 'helmet CPAP as first line pre-hospital treatment of presumed severe ACPE'.
Link to abstract.