Brambilla AM, Aliberti S, Prina E, Nicoli F, Forno MD, Nava S, Ferrari G, Corradi F, Pelosi P, Bignamini A, Tarsia P, Cosentini R. Intensive Care Med. 2014 Jul;40(7):942-9
Multi-centre, randomised controlled trial across four Italian centres. Patients split into helmet CPAP and Venturi mask groups. Primary end point was percentage of patients meeting criteria for ETI. Authors conclude helmet CPAP reduces the risk of meeting ETI criteria in this scenario.
Link to abstract.